### Positive & Negative Slope

#### Lesson Objective

This lesson shows you under what circumstances a line can have a negative slope, positive slope, zero or infinite slope.

#### About This Lesson

After you have familiarized with the slope formula. It is time to further analyze the slope of a line.

In this lesson, we will see under what circumstances a line can have:

- Positive Slope
- Negative Slope
- Zero Slope
- Infinite Slope

You can proceed by reading the study tips first or watch the math video. You can try out the practice questions after that.

### Study Tips

#### Tip #1

Understand how the 'change in y' and 'change in x' are calculated. To recall them, you can watch the first math video in the slope of a line lesson.

It is useful to learn about the slope formula so that it will be easier to understand this lesson.

#### Tip #2

We will come across something called 'infinite slope'. To comprehend it, let me explain 'infinitely large number' first in a simple way.

Observe the following sequence:

2 ÷ 0.1 = 20

2 ÷ 0.001 = 2000

2 ÷ 0.00001 = 200000

2 ÷ 0.0000001 = 20000000

2 ÷ 0.000000001 = 2000000000

2 ÷ 0.00000000001 = 200000000000

2 ÷ 0 = infinitely large number

Notice that when 2 is divided by a smaller number, you will get a larger number. Now, if 2 is divided by 0, we can roughly say that we will get an infinitely large number.

Why roughly? This is because it would be more accurate to say that the number is 'undefined'. But, for the sake of simplicity, I will not explain this for now.

Now, watch the following math video to learn more.

### Math Video

#### Click play to watch video

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#### Math Video Transcript

Transcript for Positive and Negative Slope

00:00:01.240

The objective of this lesson is to show you under what circumstances, that the slope of a line is positive or negative.

00:00:09.010

Also, you will get to see in what way the slope becomes zero or infinite.

00:00:14.080

Now, consider this line. Since this line is parallel to the x-axis, the 'change in y' is 0.

00:00:23.100

Now, 0 divides by 4 gives 0.

00:00:27.110

Therefore, this line has the slope of zero.

00:00:30.220

Alright, As I move this point up, notice that the line slants upwards to the right, and the value of the slope increases.

00:00:39.090

Also, notice that the value of the slope is a positive number.

00:00:44.010

This is because the 'change in y' and 'change in x' are positive. Hence, a positive number divides by a positive number gives a positive.

00:00:54.210

Now, as the slope gets higher, this line will eventually becomes parallel to the y-axis.

00:01:01.110

Here, we can see something interesting, the slope is now infinite.

00:01:06.160

This is because of the 'change in x' is zero, and for the case of slope, any non zero number divides by 0 gives infinite.

00:01:15.160

Let's continue, as I move the point to the left, the line slants downwards to the right.

00:01:21.180

Notice that, we now have negative slope.

00:01:25.100

This is because of the 'change in x' is a negative number.

00:01:29.220

So, a positive number, divides by a negative number, gives a negative number.

00:01:36.220

As I move this point down, the slope gradually becomes zero.

00:01:42.180

Now, when I continue to move this point down, the line again slants upwards to the right again.

00:01:50.030

Notice that, the slope becomes positive.

00:01:54.140

As I move this point to the right, the value of the slope becomes higher.

00:01:59.140

Eventually, when the line is parallel to the y axis, the slope becomes infinite.

00:02:06.030

Let's continue to move further to the right, the slope now slants downwards to the right.

00:02:12.090

Notice that, the slope becomes negative.

00:02:16.040

Now, from these observations. we see that the value of the slope can be negative, positive, zero or infinite.

00:02:24.050

Let's examine positive and negative slope further.

00:02:29.050

It seems that when the line is slant upwards to the right, the slope is positive.

00:02:35.140

Further example, this line slants upward to the right and the slope is positive.

00:02:42.130

It is the same here, this line slants upward to the right and the slope is positive.

00:02:48.030

Finally, this line slants upward to the right and the slope is positive.

00:02:54.060

However, when the line slants downwards to the right, the slope is negative.

00:03:00.180

Further example, this line slants downward to the right and the slope is negative.

00:03:06.210

It is the same here, this line slants downward to the right and the slope is also negative.

00:03:15.030

Let's summarize on what we have observed, when we see the line slants upwards to the right, the slope is positive.

00:03:23.180

When the line slants downwards to the right, the slope is negative.

00:03:29.130

To briefly note, when the line is parallel to the x-axis, the slope is 0.

00:03:37.010

When the line is parallel to the y-axis, the slope is infinite.

00:03:43.070

That is all for this lesson, try out the practice question to further your understanding.

End of Transcript for Positive and Negative Slope

### Practice Questions & More

#### Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)

Now, let's try some MCQ questions to understand this lesson better.

You can start by going through the series of questions on positive and negative slope or pick your choice of question below.

- Question 1 on positive and negative slope.

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