Find the Area of a Triangle
Find the area of a triangle whose vertices are defined by the points A(1, 3), B(–2, 1), and C(4, 2).
Answer STEP 1:
Construct the triangle using the given 3 coordinate points
You have labeled the three sides of the triangle as a, b, and c. Since the coordinates of the three vertices are known, you can find the distance between these vertices using the distance formula
If two points (x1, y1) and (x2, y2) are given, the distance between these points is given by the formula:
Find the distance between the vertices using the formula.
Now, you have obtained the lengths of the sides of the triangle. However, the height of the triangle cannot be determined. So, it is not possible to find the area of the triangle using the basic formula:STEP 2:
Recollect the Heron’s formula
for triangles. The formula helps us to find the area of a triangle if all its sides are known.
In the formula, the variable s represent the semi-perimeter of the triangle, and variables a
are the side lengths. To find s
, you need to use another relation:
Substitute for the sides.
The semi-perimeter is 6.45 units.STEP 3:
The final step is to replace all the variables in the Heron’s formula with the known values.
You finally get the area of the triangle as 4.57 square units